Compare and contrast civil and criminal law

While legal scholars carefully explain the distinction between criminal and civil law, the plain fact is that one can be tried twice for the same event.

Who can know all that is within these pages? The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast criminal and civil law.

Sometimes, one set of facts gives way to a civil lawsuit and a criminal prosecution. An example would be when a defendant rear-ends a plaintiff in an automobile accident without causing damage to the vehicle property damage or physical injury.

Civil Cases vs. Criminal Cases - Key Differences

While Steven is driving, he exceeds the speed limit on three different occasions. Marion Javery was returning to her car after shopping at Bloomingdales departmental store. Amendment VI, as interpreted in, among other cases, Scott v. Criminal law 2nd ed.

In addition, non-litigation legal tasks, such as will preparation and contract drafting, may be left to quasi-legal professionals who serve businesses and private individuals, and who may not have a post-university legal education or be licensed to practice before courts.

Criminal law's purpose is conventionally stated as being retribution, deterrence, restraint, and rehabilitation Gillies,p 6. The court appoints a free attorney to represent the defendant in a criminal prosecution because the Constitution is in effect in any criminal proceeding.

As a result of this high value placed on personal freedom, legal dogma is that criminal litigation is more serious than civil litigation, therefore criminal defendants have more rights and protections than civil defendants, as explained later in this essay. However, common sense dictates that Steven should be punished so he does not commit a criminal act in the future that may result in harm.

Records In a criminal case, the convicted offender has a criminal record. Authoritative legal codes with roots in these laws or others then developed over many centuries in various countries, leading to similar legal systems, each with their own sets of laws. The main difference between the two systems is that in common law countries, case law — in the form of published judicial opinions — is of primary importance, whereas in civil law systems, codified statutes predominate.

Compare and Contrast the Criminal and Civil Law

Amendment V the right to a speedy trial. Amendment VI the right to the assistance of counsel. Goal of Civil Litigation The goal of civil litigation is to compensate the plaintiff for any injuries and to put the plaintiff back in the position that person held before the injury occurred.

Security and loss prevention 3rd ed. Criminal law deals with behavior that is or can be construed as an offense against the public, society, or the state—even if the immediate victim is an individual.

Hiring an attorney is one of the many costs of litigation and should be carefully contemplated before jumping into a lawsuit.

There may also be pre-trial mediation and trial conferences in the hope of settling or making the trial more streamlined.Below is a comparison of the key differences between civil and criminal cases.

Civil Cases A civil case begins when a person or entity (such as a corporation or the government), called the plaintiff, claims that another person or entity (the defendant) has failed to carry out a legal duty owed to the plaintiff. Criminal law and civil law differ with respect to how cases are initiated (who may bring charges or file suit), how cases are decided (by a judge or a jury), what kinds of punishment or penalty may be imposed, what standards of proof must be met, and what legal protections may be available to the defendant.

Criminal law and civil law differ with respect to how cases are initiated (who may bring charges or file suit), how cases are decided (by a judge or a jury), what kinds of punishment or penalty may be imposed, what standards of proof must be met, and what legal protections may be available to the defendant.

Civil procedure applies to the process where two parties bring a case to the court for a decision on a particular matter. These matters can include divorces, estate distribution, injury cases, or even matters such as discrimination in the workplace.

Topic 2: Comparing Criminal and Civil Law

Compare and contrast the processes involved in civil and criminal law Assign meanings to the terms 'cause of action,' 'civil law,' 'parties,' 'burden of proof,' and 'legal remedy' To unlock this. Compare and Contrast the Criminal and Civil Law Essay examples Words | 5 Pages.

Civil law is concerned and deals with the relationship between individuals and relates to civil rather than criminal wrongs with the aim of compensating the suing party for such wrongs (Gibson, Rigby, Ryan & .

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Compare and contrast civil and criminal law
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